Difference between revisions of "Cumorah"

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[[Image:Cumorah.jpg|frame|The Hill Cumorah in Palmyra, New York]]Cumorah, more commonly known among Mormons as the [http://www.hillcumorah.org/cumorah.asp ''Hill Cumorah''], is the name given to a hill four miles south of Palmyra, New York. It was in this hill, in roughly the year A.D. 421, that the prophet/historian [[Angel Moroni|Moroni]] deposited a record, engraved upon golden plates, he and his father Mormon had made. Fourteen hundred years later in 1827, that same Moroni directed young [[Joseph Smith]] to retrieve the record from the Hill Cumorah. Joseph did as directed and translated the plates into the [[Book of Mormon]].
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[[Image:Cumorah.jpg|frame|The hill Cumorah in Palmyra, New York, where the gold plates were recovered, later translated and published as the Book of Mormon]]
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'''Cumorah''', more commonly known among members of [http://comeuntochrist.org The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints] as the ''hill Cumorah'', is the name given to a hill (so named in 1829) four miles south of Palmyra, New York. It was in this hill, in roughly the year AD 421, that the prophet/historian [[Angel Moroni|Moroni]] deposited a record, engraved upon golden plates he and his father [[Mormon]] had compiled. Fourteen hundred years later in 1827, that same Moroni directed young [[Joseph Smith]] to retrieve the record from the hill Cumorah. Joseph did as directed and translated the plates and published the translation as the [[Book of Mormon]].
  
In addition to being a storehouse to the sacred record, the Hill Cumorah was somewhat of a school for young Joseph. During the years between Moroni's first visit to the prophet in 1823 and the time Joseph was allowed to take the plates in 1827, Joseph annually visited Cumorah. Each year, Moroni would meet Joseph and give him further knowledge and instruction.
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In addition to being a storehouse to the sacred record, the hill Cumorah was somewhat of a school for young Joseph. During the years between Moroni's first visit to the prophet in 1823 and the time Joseph was allowed to take the plates in 1827, Joseph visited Cumorah. Each year, Moroni would meet Joseph and give him further knowledge and instruction.
  
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== Cumorah in the Book of Mormon ==
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In the [[Book of Mormon]], Cumorah was the name of a land and hill where the final battles of that book were fought. In AD 384 General [[Who is Mormon|Mormon]] (after whom the Book of Mormon was named) gathered all his people (known as the Nephites) to the land Cumorah. There, his armies and the armies of the enemy (known as [[Lamanites]]) clashed in war. At that tremendous battle, tens of thousands of Mormon's people were slain. After the battle, Mormon records that the enemy "had gone through and hewn down all my people save it were twenty and four of us, (among whom was my son Moroni)" (Mormon 6:11). From atop Cumorah, Mormon looked out over his fallen people and mourned their loss.
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Mormon, who was a prophet and historian as well as a general, was also the keeper of sacred records. Knowing that the battle at Cumorah would be the Nephites' last stand, he hid up most of the sacred records in Cumorah so that their enemies would not find and destroy them. The remainder of the records he entrusted to his son Moroni.
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Cumorah is also the likely location as the gathering place of the [[Jaredites|Jaredite]] army of [[Coriantumr]] prior to the final battle of the Jaredites.
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:And it came to pass that the army of Coriantumr did pitch their tents by the hill Ramah; and it was that same hill where my father Mormon did hide up the records unto the Lord, which were sacred.[https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/scriptures/bofm/ether/15?lang=eng (Ether 15:11]
  
== Cumorah in the Book of Mormon ==
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Latter-day Saint scholars and archaeologists are working to formulate a geographical setting for the Book of Mormon in the Americas from scriptural and archaeological evidences. Some favor a Mesoamerican location for the Book of Mormon peoples (southern Mexico and Guatamala), which could include Cumorah and Ramah as described in the scriptures. Moroni may well have named the hill in modern-day New York ''Cumorah'' because of his connections with the original location. He and Mormon could easily have migrated to the northeast corner of North America during their many years of flight from the pursuing Lamanites. Whether the ancient hill Cumorah and the modern hill Cumorah are one and the same is of little consequence. (See [[Book of Mormon Geography - New England Theory]] and [[Book of Mormon Geography - Mesoamerica Theory]])
In the [[Book of Mormon]], Cumorah was the name of a land and hill where the final battles of that book were fought. In A.D. 384 General Mormon (after whom the Book of Mormon was named) gathered all his people (known as the Nephites) to the land Cumorah.  There,
 
  
 
== The Hill Cumorah Today ==
 
== The Hill Cumorah Today ==
  
In 1928 [[The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]], or Mormon Church, purchased the Hill Cumorah and in 1935 there erected a monument commemorating the visit of the [http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/basic/gospel/restoration/Moroni_Visitation_EOM.htm Angel Moroni]. The Church later built a [http://www.hillcumorah.org/VisitorCtr.asp visitors' center] at Cumorah's base. The visitors' center offers information not only about the Hill Cumorah, but about numerous other Mormon Church history sites in the area.
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In 1928 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, sometimes called the Mormon Church, acquired the hill Cumorah and in 1935 erected a monument commemorating the visit of the [https://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Moroni,_Angel Angel Moroni]. The Church later built a [https://history.churchofjesuschrist.org/subsection/historic-sites/new-york/manchester/hill-cumorah?lang=eng visitors' center] at Cumorah's base. The visitors' center offers information not only about the hill Cumorah, but also about numerous other history sites of the Church of Jesus Christ in the area.
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Nearly every summer since 1935 the Church sponsored a [[Hill Cumorah Pageant|free pageant]] at Cumorah entitled [https://www.hillcumorah.org ''America's Witness for Christ''].  The pageant, which ran in July and had a cast of 650, is commonly referred to as the [http://www.hillcumorah.net Hill Cumorah Pageant] and drew around 100,000 visitors a year. The Church announced that the pageant would cease after the 2020 season, but due to COVID-19 restrictions occurring in 2020, the final season was postponed to July 2021, and later cancelled with no performances held in the future.[https://newsroom.churchofjesuschrist.org/article/2021-pageants-update]
  
Nearly every summer since 1935 the Mormon Church has sponsered a free pageant at Cumorah entitled [http://www.hillcumorah.org/Pageant/Default.htm ''America's Witness for Christ''].  The pageant, which runs in July and has a cast of 650, is commonly referred to as the [http://www.hillcumorah.net Hill Cumorah Pageant] and draws around 100,000 visitors a year.  The current pageant was written by renowned Mormon author Orson Scott Card based upon the Bible and the [[Book of Mormon]]. The pageant consists of 10 short stories:
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The current pageant was written by renowned Latter-day Saint author [[Orson Scott Card]] based upon the Bible and the [[Book of Mormon]]. The pageant consists of 10 short stories:
 
* The Prophet Lehi
 
* The Prophet Lehi
 
* The Visions of Christ
 
* The Visions of Christ
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* The Burning of Abinadi
 
* The Burning of Abinadi
 
* The Ministry of Alma
 
* The Ministry of Alma
* The Prophecy: A Day, A Night and a Day
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* The Prophecy: A Day, a Night and a Day
 
* The Resurrected Christ Appears to Ancient Americans
 
* The Resurrected Christ Appears to Ancient Americans
 
* The Written Word: A Golden Message
 
* The Written Word: A Golden Message
 
* The Restoration of Christ's Kingdom
 
* The Restoration of Christ's Kingdom
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==External Links==
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*[https://rsc.byu.edu/vol-6-no-2-2005/acquiring-cumorah Religious Educator, "Acquiring Cumorah," by Cameron J. Packer]
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*[http://www.josephsmith.net/portal/site/JosephSmith Joseph Smith - Home]
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*[https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/topics/joseph-smith/testimony?lang=eng The Testimony of the Prophet Joseph Smith]
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*[http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/mormon/history/josephsmith_2.shtml BBC - Religion & Ethics - The Story of Joseph Smith]
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[[Category:Book of Mormon Topics]][[Category: Joseph Smith]][[Category: Places of Church Interest]]
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[[de:Cumorah]]
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[[es:Cumorah]]
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[[fr:Colline de Cumorah]]
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[[it:Cumorah]]
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[[ru:Холм Кумора]]
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[[pt:Monte Cumora]]
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[[ko:구모라]]

Latest revision as of 18:00, 3 May 2021

The hill Cumorah in Palmyra, New York, where the gold plates were recovered, later translated and published as the Book of Mormon

Cumorah, more commonly known among members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as the hill Cumorah, is the name given to a hill (so named in 1829) four miles south of Palmyra, New York. It was in this hill, in roughly the year AD 421, that the prophet/historian Moroni deposited a record, engraved upon golden plates he and his father Mormon had compiled. Fourteen hundred years later in 1827, that same Moroni directed young Joseph Smith to retrieve the record from the hill Cumorah. Joseph did as directed and translated the plates and published the translation as the Book of Mormon.

In addition to being a storehouse to the sacred record, the hill Cumorah was somewhat of a school for young Joseph. During the years between Moroni's first visit to the prophet in 1823 and the time Joseph was allowed to take the plates in 1827, Joseph visited Cumorah. Each year, Moroni would meet Joseph and give him further knowledge and instruction.

Cumorah in the Book of Mormon

In the Book of Mormon, Cumorah was the name of a land and hill where the final battles of that book were fought. In AD 384 General Mormon (after whom the Book of Mormon was named) gathered all his people (known as the Nephites) to the land Cumorah. There, his armies and the armies of the enemy (known as Lamanites) clashed in war. At that tremendous battle, tens of thousands of Mormon's people were slain. After the battle, Mormon records that the enemy "had gone through and hewn down all my people save it were twenty and four of us, (among whom was my son Moroni)" (Mormon 6:11). From atop Cumorah, Mormon looked out over his fallen people and mourned their loss.

Mormon, who was a prophet and historian as well as a general, was also the keeper of sacred records. Knowing that the battle at Cumorah would be the Nephites' last stand, he hid up most of the sacred records in Cumorah so that their enemies would not find and destroy them. The remainder of the records he entrusted to his son Moroni.

Cumorah is also the likely location as the gathering place of the Jaredite army of Coriantumr prior to the final battle of the Jaredites.

And it came to pass that the army of Coriantumr did pitch their tents by the hill Ramah; and it was that same hill where my father Mormon did hide up the records unto the Lord, which were sacred.(Ether 15:11

Latter-day Saint scholars and archaeologists are working to formulate a geographical setting for the Book of Mormon in the Americas from scriptural and archaeological evidences. Some favor a Mesoamerican location for the Book of Mormon peoples (southern Mexico and Guatamala), which could include Cumorah and Ramah as described in the scriptures. Moroni may well have named the hill in modern-day New York Cumorah because of his connections with the original location. He and Mormon could easily have migrated to the northeast corner of North America during their many years of flight from the pursuing Lamanites. Whether the ancient hill Cumorah and the modern hill Cumorah are one and the same is of little consequence. (See Book of Mormon Geography - New England Theory and Book of Mormon Geography - Mesoamerica Theory)

The Hill Cumorah Today

In 1928 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, sometimes called the Mormon Church, acquired the hill Cumorah and in 1935 erected a monument commemorating the visit of the Angel Moroni. The Church later built a visitors' center at Cumorah's base. The visitors' center offers information not only about the hill Cumorah, but also about numerous other history sites of the Church of Jesus Christ in the area.

Nearly every summer since 1935 the Church sponsored a free pageant at Cumorah entitled America's Witness for Christ. The pageant, which ran in July and had a cast of 650, is commonly referred to as the Hill Cumorah Pageant and drew around 100,000 visitors a year. The Church announced that the pageant would cease after the 2020 season, but due to COVID-19 restrictions occurring in 2020, the final season was postponed to July 2021, and later cancelled with no performances held in the future.[1]

The current pageant was written by renowned Latter-day Saint author Orson Scott Card based upon the Bible and the Book of Mormon. The pageant consists of 10 short stories:

  • The Prophet Lehi
  • The Visions of Christ
  • The Building of a Ship
  • The Voyage to Ancient America
  • The Burning of Abinadi
  • The Ministry of Alma
  • The Prophecy: A Day, a Night and a Day
  • The Resurrected Christ Appears to Ancient Americans
  • The Written Word: A Golden Message
  • The Restoration of Christ's Kingdom

External Links