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Seventy

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Mormon General Authority Chart
Seventy is an office in the Melchizedek priesthood, and seventies have responsibilities as especial witnesses of Christ in all the world. Members of the Quorums of the Seventy of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints serve in one of eight quorums, with members of the First and Second Quorums of the Seventy being designated as General Authorities. Members of the Third through the Eighth Quorums of the Seventy are designated Area Seventies.

Contents

History

In 1835 seven men were called as members of the Presidency of the Seventy. They were General Authorities to the Church.

In the early days of the restored church, General Authorities were called to be Seventies who had no leadership experience in bishoprics, high councils, or stake presidencies, since High Priests had to fill those offices. Some were mission presidents and district presidents, which are callings that can be held by Elders. Seventies who never were high priests could not ordain stake presidents or other high priests. Brigham Young was aware of this problem and tried to change it before he died. There is evidence John Taylor did, also.

Seventies in the early days of the restored church primarily presided over stake seventies quorums, which were in turn guided by stake seventy quorum presidents. They also accompanied apostles to stake conferences and trained and taught gospel principles.

In 1960 David O. McKay announced that members of the seventies quorum would be high priests. Someone asked if it were contrary to the order of the heaven for seventies to be high priests. Harold B. Lee said what was contrary to the order in heaven in 1840 may not be contrary in 1960. That change was made in order for them to ordain stake leaders and high priests.

Still, only men from stake seventies quorums were called to the seventy and occasionally elders were. In 1975 President Spencer W. Kimball announced the creation of the First Quorum of the Seventy with 4 additional members. Since 1941, Assistants to the Twelve, who aided the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, were high priests. The next year President Kimball said Assistants to the Twelve would be members of the First Quorum of the Seventy, since their duties were very similar. In 1978 some were given emeritus status in order for more brethren to serve and for health reasons.

In 1984 several members of the quorum were called for a period of years (usually 3 to 5) rather than for life. In 1989 a Second Quorum of the Seventy was created of those called for a period of years. They are presided over now by the Presidency of the Seventy whose membership rotates, as it is not a lifelong calling. In fact, many return to the first Quorum of the Seventy.

For many years Regional Representatives assisted General Authorities in training and conducting stake meetings. In 1995 they were released and replaced with area authorities; two years later, President Hinckley named them "area authority seventies" and installed them in quorums based on geography. They still keep their employment, live at home and serve for a period of years (usually five).

The stake seventy's office between Elder and High Priest was discontinued by President Ezra Taft Benson in 1986.

Individual Quorums

Members of the First Quorum now typically serve until the year they turn 70, though recently there has been flexibility, and many serve a few years beyond their 70th birthday. Many emeritus Seventies become temple presidents, also.

Members of the Second Quorum of the Seventy serve an average of 5 or 6 years and even longer. The number of Quorums of Seventy can expand as needed, easing the work of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Increasing the numbers of quorums of seventy has created a seamless way to manage a quickly burgeoning church membership.

First Quorum of the Seventy

Surname Given Names Sustained Age Sust. Born City Born State/Country Children
Aidukaitis Marcos A. 200804055 Apr 2008   48 1959083030 Aug 1959   Porto Alegre Brazil 5
Amado Carlos Humberto 199210033 Oct 1992   48 1944092525 Sep 1944   Guatemala City Guatemala 5
Baxter David S. 200604011 Apr 2006   51 195502077 Feb 1955   Stirling Scotland 4
Bowen Shayne M. 200604011 Apr 2006   51 1954080729 Aug 1954   Rigby Idaho 7
Causse Gerald 200804055 Apr 2008   44 1963052020 May 1963   Bordeaux France 5
Child Sheldon Fay 200604066 Apr 2006   67 193805088 May 1938   Ogden Utah 6
Coleman Gary Jerome 199704055 Apr 1997   55 1941090818 Sep 1941   Wenatchee Washington 6
Condie Spencer Joel 199210033 Oct 1992   52 1940080827 Aug 1940   Preston Idaho 5
Corbridge Lawrence E. 200804055 Apr 2008   58 194904066 Apr 1949   Moscow Idaho 5
De Hoyos Benjamin 200504022 Apr 2005   52 1953020820 Feb 1953   Monterrey Mexico 6
Dickson John Baird 199504011 Apr 1995   51 1943070812 Jul 1943   Tacoma Washington 8
Didier Charles Armand Andre 197910033 Oct 1979   43 193510055 Oct 1935   Ixelles Belgium 2
Evans David F. 200504022 Apr 2005   53 1951080511 Aug 1951   Salt Lake City Utah 8
Falabella Enrique R. 2007030231 Mar 2007   56 195005099 May 1950   Guatemala City Guatemala 5
Gavarret Eduardo 200804055 Apr 2008   51 1956051111 May 1956   Minas Uruguay 3
Godoy Carlos A. 200804055 Apr 2008   47 196102044 Feb 1961   Porto Alegre Brazil 4
Golden Christoffel, Jr. 2001030531 Mar 2001   48 195206011 Jun 1952   Johannesburg South Africa 4
Grow Cecil Scott 200504022 Apr 2005   55 194905055 May 1949   Moscow Idaho 8
Hafen Bruce Clark 199604066 Apr 1996   55 1940100530 Oct 1940   St. George Utah 7
Hallstron Donald L. 200004011 Apr 2000   50 1949070527 Jul 1949   Honolulu Hawaii 4
Hamula James J. 200804055 Apr 2008   50 1957112020 Nov 1957   Long Beach California 6
Hilbig Kieth K. 200604011 Apr 2006   64 1942030513 Mar 1942   Milwaukee Wisconsin 6
Hinckley Richard G. 200504022 Apr 2005   63 194105022 May 1941   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Jensen Marlin Keith 198904011 Apr 1989   46 1942050218 May 1942   Ogden Utah 8
Jensen Jay Edwin 199504011 Apr 1995   53 194202055 Feb 1942   Payson Utah 6
Johnson Kenneth 199004033 Apr 1990   49 194007055 Jul 1940   Norwich England 1
Johnson Paul Vere 200504022 Apr 2005   50 1954060524 Jun 1954   Gainesville Florida 9
Johnson Daniel L. 200604011 Apr 2006   59 1946120515 Dec 1946   Colonia Juarex Mexico 6
Kikuchi Yoshihiko 197710011 Oct 1977   36 1941070525 Jul 1941   Hokkaido Japan 4
Koelliker Paul E. 200504022 Apr 2005   62 1943030512 Mar 1943   Pittsburg California 7
Kopischke Erich W. 2007030231 Mar 2007   50 1956100520 Oct 1956   Elmshom Germany 7
Madsen John Max 199704055 Apr 1997   57 1939040524 Apr 1939   Washington D.C.   6
Maynes Richard J. 2001030531 Mar 2001   50 1950100529 Oct 1950   Berkeley California 4
Mickelson Lynn Alvin 199304033 Apr 1993   57 1935070521 Jul 1935   Idaho Falls Idaho 9
Nash Marcus B. 200604011 Apr 2006   49 1957030526 Mar 1957   Seattle Washington 5
Neuenschwander Dennis Bramwell 199410011 Oct 1994   54 193910066 Oct 1939   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Pace Glenn LeRoy 199210033 Oct 1992   52 1940030621 Mar 1940   Provo Utah 6
Packer Allan F. 200804055 Apr 2008   59 194807077 Jul 1948   Brigham City Utah 8
Pearson Kevin W. 200804055 Apr 2008   50 1957041010 Apr 1957   Salt Lake City Utah 6
Perkins Anthony D. 200604011 Apr 2006   45 1960070622 Jul 1960   Cortez Colorado 6
Pieper Paul B. 200504022 Apr 2005   47 195710077 Oct 1957   Pocatello Idaho 6
Pino Rafael E. 200804055 Apr 2008   52 1955102727 Oct 1955   Valencia Venezuela 3
Porter Bruce D. 200304055 Apr 2003   50 1952070718 Jul 1952   Albuquerque New Mexico 4
Pratt Carl Barton 199704055 Apr 1997   55 1941100730 Oct 1941   Monterrey Mexico 8
Robbins Lynn G. 200004011 Apr 2000   47 1952100727 Oct 1952   Cortez Colorado 6
Samuelson Cecil Osborn, Jr. 199410011 Oct 1994   53 194108011 Aug 1941   Salt Lake City Utah 5
Soares Ulisses 200504022 Apr 2005   46 195810022 Oct 1958   Sao Paulo Brazil 3
Stevenson Gary E. 200804055 Apr 2008   52 195508066 Aug 1955   Ogden Utah 4
Teh Michael J. 2007030531 Mar 2007   41 1965060225 Jun 1965   Davao City Philippines 3
Teixeira Jose A. 200804055 Apr 2008   47 1961022424 Feb 1961   Vila Real Portugal 3
Tenorio Octaviano 2007030531 Mar 2007   64 1942100231 Oct 1942   Tilapan Mexico 5
Viñas Francisco Jose 199804055 Apr 1998   51 1946120228 Dec 1946   Montevideo Uruguay 3
Watson F. Michael 200804055 Apr 2008   65 1943031919 Mar 1943   Spring City Utah 12
Wickman Lance B. 200004011 Apr 2000   59 1940110211 Nov 1940   Seattle Washington 5
Zeballos Jorge F. 200804055 Apr 2008   52 1955071919 Jul 1955   Ovalle Chile 5
Zivic Claudio D. 2007030531 Mar 2007   58 1948120219 Dec 1948   Buenos Aires Argentina 5
Zwick William Craig 199504011 Apr 1995   47 1947060230 Jun 1947   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Total 56            


(See also Jorge Zeballos.)

Second Quorum of the Seventy

Surname Given Names Sustained Age Sust. Born City Born State/Country Children
Arnold Mervyn B. 200304055 Apr 2003   54 19480719 Jul 1948   Salt Lake City Utah 6
Callister Tad R. 200804055 Apr 2008   62 1945121717 Dec 1945   Glendale California 6
Callister Douglas L. 200004011 Apr 2000   61 19390217 Feb 1939   Glendale California 6
Cardon Craig A. 200604011 Apr 2006   57 19481230 Dec 1948   Mesa Arizona 8
Christensen Craig C. 200210055 Oct 2002   46 19560318 Mar 1956   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Christensen Shirley D. 200304055 Apr 2003   64 193901088 Jan 1939   Preston Idaho 7
Clarke Don R. 200604011 Apr 2006   60 1945120811 Dec 1945   Rexburg Idaho 6
Dunn James M. 200210055 Oct 2002   62 1940040816 Apr 1940   Pocatello Idaho 6
Edwards Keith R. 200604011 Apr 2006   64 1942030816 Mar 1942   Boulder City Nevada 7
Ellis Stanley G. 200604011 Apr 2006   59 1947010822 Jan 1947   Burley Idaho 9
Garn Daryl H. 200210055 Oct 2002   63 1938120828 Dec 1938   Tremonton Utah 6
Gibbons Larry W. 200604011 Apr 2006   63 1942070830 Jul 1942   Logan Utah 2
Jones Spencer V. 200210055 Oct 2002   57 1945090817 Sep 1945   Safford Arizona 3
Ko Won Young 200504022 Apr 2005   59 1945100815 Oct 1945   Pusan South Korea 2
Lund Gerald N. 200204066 Apr 2002   62 1939090812 Sep 1939   Fountain Green Utah 7
Oaks Robert C. 200004011 Apr 2000   64 1936020814 Feb 1936   Los Angeles California 6
Parmley William W. 200304055 Apr 2003   67 1936010822 Jan 1936   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Paul Wolfgang H. 200504022 Apr 2005   65 1940020828 Feb 1940   Munster Germany 3
Shumway W. Douglas 200304055 Apr 2003   62 194005088 May 1940   St. Johns Arizona 8
Snow Lowell M. 200504022 Apr 2005   61 194401022 Jan 1944   St. George Utah 5
Steuer Robert R. 2001030231 Mar 2001   57 194312066 Dec 1943   Milwaukee Wisconsin 5
Sybrowsky Paul K. 200504022 Apr 2005   60 1944080622 Aug 1944   Salt Lake City Utah 9
Walker William R. 200204066 Apr 2002   57 1944050625 May 1944   Raymond Canada 5
Watson Kent D. 200804055 Apr 2008   64 194305088 May 1943   Cedar City Utah 5
Wood Robert S. 199904033 Apr 1999   62 1936120625 Dec 1936   Idaho Falls Idaho 4
Total 25            

Source: Deseret Morning News 2008 Church Almanac, 42-59 and Deseret Morning News, "Brief biographies of new leaders called to LDS Church hierarchy", Saturday, April 5, 2008

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