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Seventy

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Mormon General Authority Chart
Seventy is an office in the Melchizedek priesthood, and seventies have responsibilities as especial witnesses of Christ in all the world. Members of the Quorums of the Seventy of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints serve in one of eight quorums, with members of the First and Second Quorums of the Seventy being designated as General Authorities. Members of the Third through the Eighth Quorums of the Seventy are designated Area Seventies.

History

In 1835 seven men were called as members of the Presidency of the Seventy. They were General Authorities to the Church.

In the early days of the restored church, General Authorities were called to be Seventies who had no leadership experience in bishoprics, high councils, or stake presidencies, since High Priests had to fill those offices. Some were mission presidents and district presidents, which are callings that can be held by Elders. Seventies who never were high priests could not ordain stake presidents or other high priests. Brigham Young was aware of this problem and tried to change it before he died. There is evidence John Taylor did, also.

Seventies in the early days of the restored church primarily presided over stake seventies quorums, which were in turn guided by stake seventy quorum presidents. They also accompanied apostles to stake conferences and trained and taught gospel principles.

In 1960 David O. McKay announced that members of the seventies quorum would be high priests. Someone asked if it were contrary to the order of the heaven for seventies to be high priests. Harold B. Lee said what was contrary to the order in heaven in 1840 may not be contrary in 1960. That change was made in order for them to ordain stake leaders and high priests.

Still, only men from stake seventies quorums were called to the seventy and occasionally elders were. In 1975 President Spencer W. Kimball announced the creation of the First Quorum of the Seventy with 4 additional members. Since 1941, Assistants to the Twelve, who aided the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, were high priests. The next year President Kimball said Assistants to the Twelve would be members of the First Quorum of the Seventy, since their duties were very similar. In 1978 some were given emeritus status in order for more brethren to serve and for health reasons.

In 1984 several members of the quorum were called for a period of years (usually 3 to 5) rather than for life. In 1989 a Second Quorum of the Seventy was created of those called for a period of years. They are presided over now by the Presidency of the Seventy whose membership rotates, as it is not a lifelong calling. In fact, many return to the first Quorum of the Seventy.

For many years Regional Representatives assisted General Authorities in training and conducting stake meetings. In 1995 they were released and replaced with area authorities; two years later, President Hinckley named them "area authority seventies" and installed them in quorums based on geography. They still keep their employment, live at home and serve for a period of years (usually five).

The stake seventy's office between Elder and High Priest was discontinued by President Ezra Taft Benson in 1986.

Individual Quorums

Members of the First Quorum now typically serve until the year they turn 70, though recently there has been flexibility, and many serve a few years beyond their 70th birthday. Many emeritus Seventies become temple presidents, also.

Members of the Second Quorum of the Seventy serve an average of 5 or 6 years and even longer. The number of Quorums of Seventy can expand as needed, easing the work of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Increasing the numbers of quorums of seventy has created a seamless way to manage a quickly burgeoning church membership.

First Quorum of the Seventy

Surname Given Names Sustained Age Sust. Born City Born State/Country Children
Aidukaitis Marcos A. 200804055 Apr 2008   48 1959083030 Aug 1959   Porto Alegre Brazil 5
Alonso José L. 200804052 Apr 2011   52 1959083017 Nov 1958   México City México 2
Amado Carlos Humberto 199210033 Oct 1992   48 1944092525 Sep 1944   Guatemala City Guatemala 5
Ardern Ian S. 199210032 Apr 2011   57 1944092528 Feb 1954   Te Aroha New Zealand 4
Arnold Mervyn B. 199210034 Apr 2009   60 1944092519 Jul 1948  Salt Lake City Utah 6
Baxter David S. 200604011 Apr 2006   51 195502077 Feb 1955   Stirling Scotland 4
Bowen Shayne M. 200604011 Apr 2006   51 1954080729 Aug 1954   Rigby Idaho 7
Cardon Craig A 2008040531 Mar 2012   63 1963052030 Dec 1948   Mesa Arizona 8
Choi Yoon Hwan 200604064 Apr 2009   51 1938050818 May 1957   Seoul Korea 3
Clarke Don R. 199704052 Apr 2011   65 1941090811 Dec 1945   Rexburg Idaho 6
Clayton L. Whitney 1992100331 Mar 2001   51 1940080824 Feb 1950   Salt Lake City Utah 7
Cook Carl B. 199210032 Apr 2011   53 1940080815 Oct 1957   Ogden Utah 5
Corbridge Lawrence E. 200804055 Apr 2008   58 194904066 Apr 1949   Moscow Idaho 5
Costa Claudio R. M. 2008040531 Mar 2001   52 1949040625 Mar 1949   Santos Brazil 4
Curtis Legrand R. Jr. 200804052 Apr 2011   58 194904061 Aug 1952   Ogden Utah 5
De Hoyos Benjamin 200504022 Apr 2005   52 1953020820 Feb 1953   Monterrey Mexico 6
Dube Edward 199504016 Apr 2013   50 1943070812 May 1962   Chiramanzu Zimbabwe 4
Duncan Kevin R. 197910033 Apr 2010   49 193510056 Oct 1960   Ogden Utah 5
Echo Hawk Larry J. 2005040231 Mar 2012   63 195108052 Aug 1948   Cody Wyoming 6
Ellis Stanley G. 2005040231 Mar 2012   65 1951080522 Jan 1947   Burley Idaho 9
Evans David F. 200504022 Apr 2005   53 1951080511 Aug 1951   Salt Lake City Utah 8
Falabella Enrique R. 2007030231 Mar 2007   56 195005099 May 1950   Guatemala City Guatemala 5
Gavarret Eduardo 200804055 Apr 2008   51 1956051111 May 1956   Minas Uruguay 3
Gay Robert C. 2008040531 Mar 2012   60 196102041 Sep 1951   Los Angeles California 7
Godoy Carlos A. 200804055 Apr 2008   47 196102044 Feb 1961   Porto Alegre Brazil 4
Golden Christoffel, Jr. 2001030531 Mar 2001   48 195206011 Jun 1952   Johannesburg South Africa 4
Gong Gerrit W. 200504023 Apr 2010   56 1949050523 Dec 1953   Redwood City California 4
González Walter F. 2005040231 Mar 2001   48 1949050518 Nov 1952   Montevideo Uruguay 4
Grow Cecil Scott 200504022 Apr 2005   55 194905055 May 1949   Moscow Idaho 8
Hallstron Donald L. 200004011 Apr 2000   50 1949070527 Jul 1949   Honolulu Hawaii 4
Hamula James J. 200804055 Apr 2008   50 1957112020 Nov 1957   Long Beach California 6
Johnson Daniel L. 200604011 Apr 2006   59 1942030515 Dec 1946   Colonia Juarez Mexico 6
Johnson Paul V. 200504022 Apr 2005   50 1941050224 Jun 1954   Gainesville Florida 9
Kearon Patrick 198904013 Apr 2010   48 1942050218 Jul 1961   Carlisle United Kingdom 4
Klebingat Jörg 199504015 Apr 2014   46 1942020519 Dec 1967   Zweibrücken Germany 3
Kopischke Erich W. 2007030231 Mar 2007   50 1956100520 Oct 1956   Elmshom Germany 7
Maynes Richard J. 2001030531 Mar 2001   50 1950100529 Oct 1950   Berkeley California 4
Nash Marcus B. 200604011 Apr 2006   49 1957030526 Mar 1957   Seattle Washington 5
Nielsen S. Gifford 199410016 Apr 2013   58 1939100625 Oct 1954   Provo Utah 6
Nielson Brent H. 199210034 Apr 2009   54 194003068 Dec 1954   Burley Idaho 6
Packer Allan F. 200804055 Apr 2008   59 194807077 Jul 1948   Brigham City Utah 8
Pearson Kevin W. 200804055 Apr 2008   50 1957041010 Apr 1957   Salt Lake City Utah 6
Perkins Anthony D. 200604011 Apr 2006   45 1960070622 Jul 1960   Cortez Colorado 6
Pieper Paul B. 200504022 Apr 2005   47 195710077 Oct 1957   Pocatello Idaho 6
Pino Rafael E. 200804055 Apr 2008   52 1955102727 Oct 1955   Valencia Venezuela 3
Porter Bruce D. 200304055 Apr 2003   50 1952070718 Jul 1952   Albuquerque New Mexico 4
Rasband Ronald A. 199704051 Apr 2000   49 194110076 Feb 1951   Salt Lake City Utah 5
Renlund Dale G. 200004014 Apr 2009   56 1952100713 Nov 1952   Salt Lake City Utah 1
Ringwood Michael T. 199410014 Apr 2009   51 1941080114 Feb 1958   Provo Utah 5
Robbins Lynn G. 200504021 Apr 2000   47 1958100227 Oct 1952   Cortez Colorado 6
Sitati Joseph W. 200504024 Apr 2009   56 1958100216 May 1952   Bungoma Kenya 5
Snow Steven E. 2005040231 Mar 2001   51 1958100223 Nov 1949   St. George Utah 4
Soares Ulisses 200504022 Apr 2005   46 195810022 Oct 1958   Sao Paulo Brazil 3
Teh Michael J. 2007030531 Mar 2007   41 1965060225 Jun 1965   Davao City Philippines 3
Teixeira Jose A. 200804055 Apr 2008   47 1961022424 Feb 1961   Vila Real Portugal 3
Uceda Juan A. 200703053 April 2010   56 1942100210 July 1953   Lima Peru 5
Valenzuela Arnulfo 199804056 Apr 2013   53 194612024 May 1959   Chihuahua Mexico 3
Viñas Francisco Jose 199804055 Apr 1998   51 1946120228 Dec 1946   Montevideo Uruguay 3
Waddell W. Christopher 200804052 Apr 2011   51 1943031928 Jun 1959   Los Angeles California 4
Walker William R. 200004016 Apr 2008   63 1940110225 May 1944   Lethbridge Canada 5
Whiting Scott D. 2008040531 Mar 2012   50 195507191 Apr 1961   Salt Lake City Utah 5
Wong Chi Hong (Sam) 200804055 Apr 2014   51 1955071925 May 1962   Hong Kong China 4
Yamashita Kazuhiko 200804052 Apr 2011  57 1955071915 Sep 1953   Sumida Japan 6
Zeballos Jorge F. 200804055 Apr 2008   52 1955071919 Jul 1955   Ovalle Chile 5
Zivic Claudio D. 2007030531 Mar 2007   58 1948120219 Dec 1948   Buenos Aires Argentina 5
Zwick William Craig 199504011 Apr 1995   47 1947060230 Jun 1947   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Total 66            


(See also Jorge Zeballos.)

Second Quorum of the Seventy

Surname Given Names Sustained Age Sust. Born City Born State/Country Children
Andersen Wilford W. 200304054 Apr 2009   59 19480722 Aug 1949   Mesa Arizona 9
Aoyagi Koichi 200804054 Apr 2009   64 1945121724 Mar 1945   Matsumoto Japan 4
Bennett Randall K. 200004012 Apr 2011  55 193902June 1955   Magrath, Alberta Canada 4
Carlson Bruce A. 200604014 Apr 2009   59 1948123 Oct 1949   Hibbing Minnesota 3
Christensen Craig C. 200210055 Oct 2002   46 19560318 Mar 1956   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Cornish J. Devn 200304052 Apr 2011   59 19390108Apr 1951   Salt Lake City 6
Dyches Timothy 200604016 Apr 2013   62 1945120811 Dec 1945   Rexburg Idaho 6
Dunn James M. 200210055 Oct 2002   62 1940040815 Jan 1951   Murray Utah 3
Foster Bradley D. 200604014 Apr 2009   60 194203085 Apr 1949   Rigby Idaho 4
Funk Randy D. 200604016 Apr 2013   60 194701081 Aug 1952   Logan Utah 6
Haleck O. Vincent 200210052 Apr 2011   62 19381208Jan 1949   Utulei American Samoa 3
Hamilton Kevin S. 200604016 Apr 2013   58 19420708Mar 1955   Wenatchee Washington 6
Kacher Larry S. 200210055 Apr 2014   62 1945090812 Feb 1952   Mankato Minnesota 6
Lawrence Larry R. 200504023 Apr 2010   62 1945100825 Aug 1947   Cheverly Maryland 6
Malm Per G. 200204063 Apr 2010   61 1939090812 Sep 1948   Jönköping Sweden 8
Martinez Hugo E. 200004015 Apr 2014   57 1936020810 Jan 1957   Mayaguez Puerto Rico 5
Martino James B. 200304054 Apr 2009   57 1936010828 Mar 1951   Denton Texas 5
Mazzagardi Jairo 200504023 Apr 2010   62 1940020810 Apr 1947   Itú Brazil 3
Ochoa Adrián 200304056 Apr 2013   59 194005087 Mar 1954   San Francisco California 5
Richards Kent F. 200504024 Apr 2009   63 1944010225 Feb 1946   Salt Lake City Utah 8
Schwitzer Gregory A. 200103024 Apr 2009   61 194312062 Apr 1948   Ogden Utah 5
Vinson Terence M. 200504026 Apr 2013   62 1944080612 Mar 1951   Sydney Austrailia 6
Wilson Larry Y. 200204062 Apr 2011   61 1944050631 Dec 1949   Salt Lake City Utah 4
Total 23            

Source: Deseret Morning News 2008 Church Almanac, 42-59 and Deseret Morning News, "Brief biographies of new leaders called to LDS Church hierarchy", Saturday, April 5, 2008

Other References