Book of Mormon archaeology
There are certain main focuses of Book of Mormon archaelogy:
- Attempting to determine the land route taken by Lehi and his family (father of the Nephites and Lamanites) from Jerusalem, through Arabia, to "Bountiful," from where they launched out by sea to the Americas.
- Attempting to determine where Lehi's party first landed and settled in the Americas.
- Attempting to determine from loose descriptions of geography where various tribes and groups settled.
- Attempting to decide whether the Book of Mormon peoples spread over both North and South America, or whether they inhabited only a small, isolated area.
- Attempting to determine whether any currently existing Amerindian tribes are descendants of the Nephites/Lamanites.
- Attempting to determine what other populations of people co-existed with the Book of Mormon peoples.
The information in the Book of Mormon both helps and hinders these investigations:
- A massive and widespread earthquake is described, happening at the time of Christ's crucifixion. The earthquake altered many geographical features previously described in the book, sinking whole land masses into the sea, raising mountains from valleys, and sinking mountain ranges into valleys.
- The Book uses "the narrow neck of land" as an anchoring geographical description. People of our day automatically visualize this as the area of Panama. Because of the earthquakes, this may or may not be correct.
- The metal plates, from which the Book of Mormon was translated, were found in New York, but ruins showing Middle Eastern influence (such as pyramids) are found in South America and Central America.
- Book of Mormon writers made casual mention of ores, crops, and animals without citing their origins. For instance, corn became a staple, but could not have been brought over from the Middle East. Nor could it have grown wild in the New World. Someone else in the New World must have been cultivating corn, and they in turn, must have trained the Nephites to do it.
- Geography is not exactly described, being secondary to the religious message.
Methods used in Book of Mormon archaeology:
- Archaeological digs
- Investigation of clues given in the book regarding populations, building methods, implements, geography, etc.
- Finding hints of Middle Eastern connections in remnant societies—legends, languages, art, archetecture, social structures
- DNA research looking for Middle Eastern descendancy of current Amerindian populations
For a number of informative articles on Book of Mormon archaeology, go to the index at the following website: 
For an index of articles regarding DNA research as it relates to the Book of Mormon, go to 
For videos of presentations on Book of Mormon proofs, go to fairlds videos on youtube.com
For evidences that the Book of Mormon is true. Go to the following online books:
- Noel B. Reynolds, Book of Mormon Authorship Revisited: The Evidence for Ancient Origins (Provo: FARMS, 1997), with chapters on the translation of the Book of Mormon, chiasmus, wordprints, Lehi’s journey through Arabia, and a Mesoamerican historical context. Many of these articles were written by the preeminent researcher in the field.
- John W. Welch, Donald W. Parry, and Daniel C. Peterson, eds., Echoes and Evidences of the Book of Mormon (Provo: FARMS, 2002), which summarizes the main arguments and findings of Book of Mormon research since Hugh Nibley.
- The online version of To All the World: The Book of Mormon Articles from the Encyclopedia of Mormonism edited by S. Kent Brown, Daniel H. Ludlow, and John W. Welch. This volume, produced by BYU scholars, offers 130 concise and authoritative articles on the major characters, themes, and issues from the Book of Mormon.
- The Arabian Bountiful Discovered? Evidence for Nephi's Bountiful by Warren P. Aston of FARMS
- New Light: "The Place That Was Called Nahom": New Light from Ancient Yemen by S. Kent Brown of FARMS
- Carved altars prove location, existence of Nahum in Arabia
- The relationship between Quetzalcoatl, the Myan Maize God and Jesus Christ by Diane E. Wirth of FARMS
- Video lecture:discovery of Nahum, a resting place for Lehi's family
- Video presentation:The land Bountiful is found in Arabia
- Video presentation:Meso-America as the settling place of the Nephites
- FAIRlds:Book of Mormon Archaeology