Brigham Young, Jr.
Brigham Young, Jr. (December 18, 1836–April 11, 1903) served as President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from 1899 until his death. His tenure was interrupted for one week in 1901 when Joseph F. Smith was the president of the Quorum.
Brother Young was born in Kirtland, Ohio, the son of Brigham Young and Mary Ann Angell. Young's twin sister Mary died at age seven from the effects of injuries received at age two in a wagon accident. This wagon accident occured during the forced exodus from Missouri in the winter of 1838–1839. At age twelve Brother Young drove an ox cart across the plains, reaching Salt Lake City in 1848. Brother Young served as a guard and scout in the following years operating in Salt Lake Valley and the surrounding canyons.
In Utah Territory, Young became a member of the reconstituted Nauvoo Legion. He was involved in the rescue of the Willie and Martin companies of Mormon handcart pioneers. He also served in the Utah War with the troops that worked to halt the advance of Johnston's Army.
Brigham Young ordained Young an apostle at the young age of 27 in 1864. However, he was not placed in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles until four years later in 1868. Young Jr. also served as a counselor to his father in the First Presidency of the Church from April 8, 1873 until his father's death on August 29, 1877.
Missions to Europe
In 1864, Young returned to Europe, this time with his wife Catherine as his companion. He was an assistant to mission president Daniel H. Wells. In 1865, when Wells left for Utah, Young succeeded him as president of the European Mission.
As president of the European Mission of the Church in 1866 and 1867, Young preached in France, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Russia, the United Kingdom, and Ireland. Young also oversaw the emigration of British Latter-day Saints to Utah Territory. It was from a conversation as Young was about to return to Utah at the end of his time as mission president that Charles W. Penrose wrote the hymn "Beautiful Zion For Me".
From October 1890 until February 1893 Young served for a second time as the president of the European Mission. The mission was headquartered in Liverpool, England and Young directly supervised missionary work in the British Isles while also serving as a leader over the mission presidents of the various missions on the European continent.
Colonization and church assignment in America
In the western United States, Young was involved in the colonization of Cache Valley, southern Utah and the extension of Mormon settlements into New Mexico and Arizona. Young was also involved at times with the Latter-day Saint settlements in the Mexican state of Chihuahua.
From 1869 until 1877, Elder Young presided over the Latter-day Saints in Cache Valley, closely assisted by William B. Preston who was serving as the regional presiding bishop. Elder Young was essentially functioning as a stake president, and he ended his term of directy presiding over the area when a formal stake was organized with a full stake presidency. During this time Young co-owned a feed and livery stable in Soda Springs, Idaho with Solomon Hale.
In 1878, Young and Moses Thatcher selected the site for the Latter-day Saint settlement in the Star Valley of Wyoming. In August 1878, Young dedicated the valley as a place for the gathering of the Latter-day Saints.
Young practiced plural marriage. His fist wife was Catherine Curtis Spencer. Among their children was Brigham Spencer Young, who would later serve as president of the Northwestern States Mission of the church.
Young's wife Abigail Stevens was one of his younger wives. Their daughter Klara Young Cheney, born in Fruitland, New Mexico in 1894, turned 100 years old in 1994. Abigail and Brigham Jr.'s last daughter, Marian Young, was also born at Fruitland on 15 January 1899. She died on 22 November 2004, less than two months short of her 106th birthday. She was the last grandchild of Brigham Young to die.
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
Elder Young was ordained an apostle before Joseph F. Smith, but was not placed in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles until after Joseph F. Smith. However, It was not until 1900 that a clear decision was made giving Joseph F. Smith seniority in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, since he had been a member of the First Presidency since becoming an apostle. Young had served as the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles since the previous president, Franklin D. Richards, had died on 1899-12-09. When church president Lorenzo Snow died on 1901-10-10, Joseph F. Smith served as president of the Quorum until he was made church president on 1901-10-17. When Smith became president, Young again assumed the position of president of the Quorum of the Twelve. Young is the only person to have served two non-consecutive terms as president of the Quorum.
- Jenson, Andrew. Biographical Encyclopedia of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book and A. Jenson Historical Co., 1901–1936) 1:121.
- Flake, Lawrence R. "Brigham Young, Jr." in Garr, Arnolds K., Donald Q. Cannon and Richard O. Cowan, ed., Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, 2000) p. 1379–1380.
- Jenson. Biographical Encyclopedia. 1:66.
- Cannon, George Q. and Wilford Woodruff, Faith Promoting Series: Gems For the Young Folks, p. 19.
- Heber J. Grant, Conference Report, April 1926, p. 147.
- Roberts, B. H. Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1965) p. 89
- Poleman, B. Lloyd. "Sunday School" in Ludlow, Daniel H., ed., Encyclopedia of Mormonism (New York: MacMillan, 1992) p. 1425.
- Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret News Press, 1941, p. 105.
- Jenson. Biographical Dictionary. Vol. 2, p. 168.
- Woodruff, Wilford. "Living By the Spirit" in Stuy, H. Bryan, ed., Collected Discourses, 1888–1898 (Glendale, California and Woodland Hills, Utah: B. H. S. Publishing, 1987–1992) Vol. 5.
- Jenson. Encyclopedic History. p. 187.
- Church News, 1992-08-08, p. Z5.
- Grant, Conference Report, Oct. 1942, p. 25.
- Jenson. Encyclopedic History. p. 426
- Conference Report, Oct. 1926, p. 2.
- Church News, 1994-12-24.
- Church News, 2004-12-04, p. Z12.
- Cowan, Richard O. The Church in the 20th Century. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, 1985) p. 14