After the arrival of Joseph Smith in February 1831, Kirtland became the headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon Church). In the next few months, many of the Saints in New York sold their farms, often at a loss, and joined the Prophet in Kirtland.
During the next seven years, from 1831 to 1838, Church membership in the area grew to about 2,000. But of even greater importance were the many significant spiritual events that occurred in and around Kirtland during this important period in Church history. Among these: almost one-half of the revelations recorded in the Doctrine and Covenants were received here, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants was published, the organization of the Church headed by the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was established, the first stake was organized, the School of the Prophets was started, the first Mormon temple in this dispensation was built, and many marvelous spiritual manifestations were experienced.