Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square
- 1 History of the Choir
- 2 Choir Milestones
- 3 Joining the Choir
- 4 Choir Concerts and Broadcasts
- 5 The Mormon Tabernacle Choir Online
History of the Choir
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has considered music a vital part of worship from the very beginning. Early headquarters of the Church in Kirtland and in Nauvoo both had standing choirs. It was no suprise then that a choir was formed and ready for the first conference held in the Salt Lake Valley less than a month after the pioneers' arrival.
The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square is named after the Salt Lake Tabernacle where it has performed for over a hundred years. The Tabernacle itself was finished in 1867 and the Choir held its first concert there on July 4, 1873. The Tabernacle also houses a very impressive organ consisting of 11,623 pipes, making it one of the largest and most elaborate organs in the world. The organ has long been associated with the Tabernacle Choir's "signature sound," though the Choir does sing to orchestral accompaniment as well.
The Choir started out fairly small and (considering its current quality) rather undisciplined. But in 1869, George Careless was appointed as the Choir's conductor and the Tabernacle Choir began to flourish. Under the direction of Careless, the first large choir was assembled by adding smaller choral groups to the main Salt Lake Choir. This larger choir, just over 300, sang at the October 1873 General Conference. It was at this point that the Choir caught the vision of matching the size of the spacious Tabernacle it called home.
Later directors brought more solid vocal training and worked to raise the standards of the Choir. The Choir also began improving as an ensemble and increased its repertoire from around one hundred songs to nearly a thousand. In July of 1929, the Choir performed its first radio broadcast, known as Music and the Spoken Word. Since the beginning, 2-3 minute messages or sermonettes of comfort, joy, love, and inspiration intertwine with the musical themes presented. Throughout the years there have been three regular program narrators: Richard L. Evans (1930–1971) J. Spencer Kinard (1972–1990) and Lloyd Newell (1990–present).
By 1950 the Tabernacle Choir performed numerous concerts each year and had released its first long-playing recording. During the 1950s, the Choir made its first tour of Europe and earned a Grammy for its recording of "Battle Hymn of the Republic." Later directors of the Choir continued to hone and refine the Choir's sound.
In October 2018, the Tabernacle Choir announced that their name would be changed from Mormon Tabernacle Choir to Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square, thus honoring the direction of Church president Russell M. Nelson to drop the nickname "Mormon." The new name of the Choir better reflects the name of its partner, the Orchestra at Temple Square. The Choir also is working with its many partners on the change, including PBS, Deseret Book, BYUtv and BonCom. The classic name won't disappear immediately or completely; the Choir also will maintain some licensing arrangements under the classic name to retain ownership of it.
- The choir has had multiple names in its 171-year history, historians say. It began three weeks after the pioneers arrived in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 and soon established itself in a bowery on Temple Square. It became the Tabernacle Choir in 1867, when the Salt Lake Tabernacle was completed. No other designator was necessary.
- "The church was very parochial then," [Choir president Ron] Jarrett said. "It was just right here in Salt Lake City."
- As the church grew and spread and new tabernacles were built in other Utah cities like Provo and Brigham City, the name necessarily became the Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir by 1869.
- "Mormon was added at some point," Jarrett said, "and it was the Salt Lake Mormon Tabernacle Choir," to help identify it for audiences outside Utah. "Then Salt Lake dropped off and it became the Mormon Tabernacle Choir," a term more consistently used beginning in 1929 with the launch of the choir's weekly radio program "Music and the Spoken Word."
Since its establishment more than 150 years ago, the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square has performed and recorded extensively, not only in the United States but around the world. During that time, the Choir has received much praise and recognition. The following are some of its milestones as well as interesting facts:
- On average, the Choir performs 75 times per year.
- The Choir practices a minimum of 5 hours each week.
- There are 27 husband-wife combinations who sing in the Choir.
- The Choir has visited 28 countries outside the United States.
- The Choir has performed at 13 World’s Fairs and Expositions.
- The Choir has performed at the Kirtland Temple.
- The Choir has performed twice at the RLDS Auditorium in Independence, Missouri.
- The Choir has released more than 130 musical compilations and several films and videotapes.
- The Tabernacle Choir has received many notable awards, and is a two-time recipient of the Freedom Foundation Award.
- Two of the Choir's recordings have achieved "platinum record" status (in 1991 and 1992).
- Five of the Choir's recordings have achieved "gold record" status (two in 1963, one in 1980, and two in 1985). The most popular has been a 1959 release of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" recorded with Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Philharmonic Orchestra.
- The Choir received a Grammy Award for "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" in 1959.
- The Choir won an Emmy Award in 1987 for "Christmas Sampler," a musical special with Shirley Verrett.
- The Tabernacle Choir has sung for every president of the United States beginning with President William Howard Taft. The choir has also performed at the inaugurations of United States Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson (1965), Richard M. Nixon (1969), Ronald Reagan (1981), George Bush (1989) and George W. Bush (2001).
- The Choir performed over 20 times at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, including the Opening Ceremonies.
- On June 10, 2010, with 100 straight years of recording, the Choir is now the longest recording artist in U.S. history. 
- In June 2010, the Mormon Tabernacle Choir’s new album, 100: Celebrating a Century of Recording History, reached No.1 on Billboard’s Classical Overall chart.
- With over 4,000 continuous broadcasts and counting, Music and the Spoken Word is the longest continuous broadcast in the world.
- In 2004, Music and the Spoken Word was inducted into the National Association of Broadcaster Radio Hall of Fame.
- In August, 2010, Music and the Spoken Word was named to the Radio Broadcast Hall of Fame.  
- In May 2017, the Choir and the Orchestra at Temple Square's "Mormon Tabernacle Choir & Friends" album took the no. 1 spot on Billboard’s Classical Crossover chart—their 12th album to earn this top honor. The album also took the no. 2 spot on the Classical Overall chart.
Joining the Choir
The Choir is made up of some of the best singers in the Church, and the arduous audition process makes sure of that. Those who want to join the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square must first sing in the Tabernacle Square Chorale (a sort of training choir which forms every six months). Applicants must also be between 25 and 55 years of age, live in the Salt Lake Valley area, be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in good standing, and be willing to commit to the rigorous practice and performance schedule. The audition process begins with the applicant submitting a recording of the applicant singing without accompaniment. The second part of the audition is a written musical skills test, and those who wish to be in the Choir must score at least eighty percent. Finally there is an in-person audition where the singer demonstrates his or her ability to read music, vocal range, and ability to blend with the Choir. This entire process takes roughly six months. Once in the Choir, members serve for a maximum of 20 years (or until age 60).
Choir Concerts and Broadcasts
The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square practices and performs on a weekly basis, frequently accompanied by either the Tabernacle or Conference Center organ or the Orchestra at Temple Square (a volunteer orchestra organized primarily to assist the Choir in their performances and recordings). Since 1929, the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square has broadcast the radio and television program Music and the Spoken Word. The program features the Choir, with the spoken word provided by Lloyd Newell. The program can be seen live from Temple Square every Sunday at 9:30 am.
The Choir presents numerous performances throughout the year including concerts for Christmas (often featuring notable guests and guest artists) and Pioneer Day (commemorating the day the Mormon Pioneers entered the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847). The Choir also sings for most of the sessions of the Mormon Church's biannual General Conferences. Additionally, the Choir has performed at celebrations honoring the 90th and 95th birthdays of the Church's former president, Gordon B. Hinckley.
The Choir also tours frequently, both across the country and around the world, including performances in Russia, much of Europe and Eastern Europe, Brazil, Japan, Israel, Canada, Mexico, Australia, and New Zealand.
During the 2002 Winter Olympics held Salt Lake City, the Choir, then known as the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, performed at the Olympic Opening Ceremonies, in four concerts featuring guest artists such as Sting and John Williams, and in the Church's multimedia musical Light of the World.
The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square has become synonymous with Christmas. "The Christmas concert presented by the Mormon Tabernacle Choir is the No. 1-rated entertainment program on PBS during the holidays, with more than 4 million Americans tuning in to watch it each year," PBS president and CEO Paula Kerger said. "This program showcases some of what PBS does best, to use the magic of television to showcase music, dance and the spoken word in order to inspire and entertain our audiences." 
The 2011 performance will go into post-production and then be aired on PBS TV the following year, December 2012. The Christmas special was filmed December 15-17, 2011 in downtown Salt Lake City at the LDS Conference Center, and featured American baritone Nathan Gunn and British actress Jane Seymour. Perhaps the only certainty about 2012's "Christmas With the Mormon Tabernacle Choir" is that its production value will find a way to surpass 2011's edition. The 2010 concert, which featured David Archuleta as soloist, aired six times during prime time during December 2011.
- "Instead of choosing the more secular songs like 'Frosty the Snowman' or 'Winter Wonderland,' " what brings the true meaning of Christmas is singing those songs about the Savior and the circumstances surrounding his birth."
Current Choir Leadership
- Ronald B. Jarrett: Choir President
- Mack Wilberg: Director
- Ryan T. Murphy: Associate Director
- Igor Gruppman: Conductor, Orchestra at Temple Square
- Lloyd D. Newell: Announcer for Music and the Spoken Word
- LeAnna Willmore, Conductor, Bells on Temple Square
- Larry Smith, Associate Conductor, Bells on Temple Square
- Richard Elliott, Principal Tabernacle Organist
- Brian Mathias, Tabernacle Organist
- Andrew Unsworth, Tabernacle Organist
- Bonnie Goodliffe, Temple Square Organist
- Linda Margetts, Temple Square Organist
Over the years, the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square has released over 130 musical compilations. In 2003, the Choir launched its own record label, Mormon Tabernacle Choir™. Under their label, the Choir has already released a number of albums. For a more complete list visit the albums section of the Choir's Website. All items are available through Deseret Book and the Choir’s website.
- Then Sings My Soul
- Love is Spoken Here
- Choose Something Like a Star
- Peace Like a River
- Sing, Choir of Angels!
- America's Choir: Favorite Songs, Hymns, & Anthems
- Consider the Lilies
- Spirit of America
- This Is the Christ
- He Is Risen
- Heavensong: Music of Contemplation and Light
- Men of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir
Recent Guests and Guest Artists
- David Archuleta
- Angela Lansbury
- Audra McDonald
- Bryn Terfel
- Charles Osgood
- Frederica von Stade
- Michael York
- Peter Graves
- Walter Cronkite
- John Williams
- The Canadian Brass
- The Singing Sergeants
- The U.S. Air Force Band
- Vocal Majority
- Alfie Boe
- Deborah Voigt
- John Rhys-Davies
- Tom Brokaw
- James Taylor
- Jane Seymour
- Nathan Gunn
- Amy Grant
- Brian Stokes Mitchell
- David McCullough
- Hugh Bonneville
The Mormon Tabernacle Choir Online
In addition to the YouTube page of the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square, the Choir hosts a robust website that features information about the Choir, latest news, blog, complete discography, and shop. An extensive video and audio gallery is available under “Watch and Listen.” Past episodes of “Music and the Spoken Word” are available for viewing, as well as information on how to attend a live performance. The website has a historical roster where all choir members are listed. There are separate listings for the Choir, Orchestra at Temple Square, and Bells on Temple Square. Bios of guest performers are also available.
The Choir can be followed on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, Google Plus, and RSS.
After an overwhelming demand for tickets for their Easter 2014 performance of Handel’s Messiah, the Choir responded by adding two additional seating opportunities (in the Conference Center Theater and the nearby Joseph Smith Memorial Building Legacy Theatre). They also made the broadcast available through live streaming of the Friday performance and on demand Easter weekend through their website and their Youtube channel.
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The YouTube page of the Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square has started publishing Christmas videos!For More Information Visit:
- The Official Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square website
- The Official Music and the Spoken Word website
- Tabernacle Choir launches a YouTube channel
- Lightplanet's Mormon Tabernacle Choir
- Billboard Magazine Award 2012
- The Tabernacle Choir sings for one little girl with cancer
- Tabernacle Choir Wins an Emmy and Get's 5 Million Views on YouTube
- 5 Broadway Classics from the Tabernacle Choir
- Frequently Asked Questions, Choir Facts, Recordings
- Choir Facts, By the Numbers, Timeline